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      中國城市文化網首頁 > 飲食文化 > 飲食-綜合新聞 > 正文
    餐桌文明也是城市文明的一個方面
      中國城市文化網  時間:2018-7-11 10:53:22    www.tztmbx.com  來源:中國城市文化網    收藏本頁
      筷子在國人文化和情感世界里扮演著重要角色,中國人喜歡圍桌共食,相互夾菜的飲食習慣被認為能夠拉近人與人之間的距離,但筷來箸往間卻給了細菌傳播的機會。餐桌文明也是城市文明的一個方面,“揚州文明有禮二十四條”提出“夾菜用公筷”,記者調查發現,盡管不少人飽受“口水菜”之苦,卻抹不開面子用公筷,說到底還是多少年來形成的用餐習慣一下子轉變不過來。

      市民吐槽

      躲不掉的“口水菜”


      一家人在一張桌上吃飯,講究的是團團圓圓、熱熱鬧鬧,但市民湯琦卻遇到了“餐桌難題”,她向記者吐槽,自己在家提議飯桌上加一雙公筷,遭到了公婆的拒絕,“家里有個86歲的老祖,一直跟我們一桌吃飯,因為喜愛重孫,經常往孩子碗里夾菜,孩子年齡小抵抗力差,這樣的‘口水菜’讓我很擔心孩子的健康。”湯琦表示,家里老人不理解,認為用公筷是在嫌棄他們,但她卻認為這是文明、健康的象征。


      記者采訪發現,像湯琦這樣受到“口水菜”困擾的市民不在少數。“90后”楊景坦言自己最怕去吃酒席:“再喜歡吃的菜,轉到面前時已被夾得七零八落,如果再遇到一些人喜歡翻菜,更是一點食欲都沒了,感覺每次吃酒席吃的不是菜,而是別人的‘口水’。”


      醫院實驗


      “口水筷”上細菌多


      “口水筷”上的細菌量有多高?記者帶著四份筷子樣本走進東方醫院一探究竟。


      東方醫院感染科主任許靜將來自病人使用、普通人使用、大飯桌使用的筷子和公筷,分別提取樣本液到容器里進行培養。令人震驚的是,病人使用過的筷子上細菌數量最高,經過“口水交換”的大飯桌上使用過的筷子細菌量明顯高于個人單獨使用的筷子,而公筷上的細菌數量非常非常少。


      許靜解釋,現在比較常見的消化道疾病致病原,比如幽門螺旋桿菌,就可以通過家人之間共用的碗筷進行傳播,往往一個人感染了幽門螺旋桿菌,全家都不能幸免。“幽門螺旋桿菌是導致胃病的罪魁禍首,起初并不容易被察覺,往往經過了潛伏期,才進入發病期。”許靜介紹,通過口水交叉感染的疾病,除了與人體的肝、胃密切關聯之外,兒童易患的手足口病也可以通過這個渠道傳播感染。“如果兒童的餐具沒有分開的話,會造成手足口病在幼兒園或者托幼機構流行。”


      許靜表示,避免通過口水交叉感染疾病一個很好的習慣就是使用公筷,因為公筷不跟人體接觸,只跟食物接觸,用公筷能直接阻斷諸如口腔疾病、消化道疾病、胃病等疾病的感染與傳播,因此使用公筷是安全、健康、衛生的用餐方式,也是文明禮儀的體現。


      記者調查


      “夾菜用公筷”難在哪兒?


      親友相聚、圍桌共餐是中國人傳統的飲食習慣,記者探訪一些飯店發現,現在很多餐桌已設有公筷,一般規模稍大的飯店都會提供公筷公勺服務,有時候一張桌子會備幾雙公筷,但并不是所有公筷都會被使用。不過,很多客流量大的中小飯店往往一張桌子上只有一雙公筷,有的則放置在盆里由食客自選。


      此外,為了表示親近友好,相互夾菜是餐桌上常見的場景,記者就“聚餐時您會提出使用公筷嗎”進行了隨機調查,大部分受訪者表示不會主動提出,但有就會用。市民周莉告訴記者,和親戚朋友聚會時,基本不會主動提出加公筷。“如果吃飯的時候提出使用公筷,很影響氣氛,而且如果是朋友或者一家人在一起吃飯,就更沒有擺公筷的必要了。”


      王偉是一名中學老師,他對聚餐不使用公筷的現象表示無奈。他告訴記者,如果餐桌放有公筷公勺,用起來就很自然,也很衛生。但如果沒有,刻意通知服務員拿上來,自己就會被人誤會很做作。為了避免傷了和氣,他不會主動提出使用公筷公勺。(揚州日報 記者 胡儉 吳丹 實習生 趙欣悅)


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