<source id="e6ogm"></source>
  • <tr id="e6ogm"></tr>
    <rt id="e6ogm"></rt>
  • <object id="e6ogm"></object>
  • <s id="e6ogm"></s>
  • <source id="e6ogm"></source>
    關于我們 · 設為首頁 · 加入收藏
    首頁 | 新聞中心 | 城市規劃 | 旅游文化 | 節慶會展 | 飲食文化 | 禮儀習俗 | 文化遺產 |文化藝術 | 城市人物 | 城市形象 | 文化交流 | 文化產業
    ·翹首以盼!第三屆唐山市旅·五位奧運冠軍現身小鐵三冠·云南昆明寶華寺浴佛節歌會·裕苑藝術受邀參加中國品牌
      中國城市文化網首頁 > 城市觀察 > 正文
    杭州:會呼吸的城市
      時間:2010-8-6      來源:    編輯:admin【字體: 】【收藏】【關閉

          建設生態杭州,本人認為應以立體綠化、建筑覆綠為重點,從全民植綠上加以推進,讓城市呼吸起來。
      一、杭州立體綠化的現實意義

      一是增加綠量的需要。2009年,杭州主城區綠化面積137.7平方公里(含借地綠化17.85平方公里),城市綠地率35.82%,戶籍人口人均綠地面積15.3平方米,若按常駐人口計人均綠地面積僅10平方米左右,不到人均25—30平方米的國際標準的40%。寸土寸金的杭州,由于長期“見縫插綠”,要在地面上挖潛提高綠地率幾乎不可能,要在城郊通過征用幾萬元1平方米的土地增加綠化面積,從財力上既十分困難也不合算。提高城市綠化率、增加綠量只能向非地面的空間發展,即提倡多空間發展綠化,積極開展屋頂綠化、墻面綠化、橋體綠化、棚架綠化和陽臺綠化、窗臺綠化等。
      二是緩解高溫的需要。人口的過度繁衍使以二氧化碳為主的溫室氣體大量增加,導致地球溫度和海平面持續上升,旱災、風災、洪水等自然災害不斷加劇已影響人類的遠期生存。人口集中聚集的城市,空氣污染、水體污染、垃圾污染等更劣化了居住環境。給屋頂“戴綠帽”是發達國家城市普遍采取的有效的建筑降溫方式,屋頂綠化能使夏季屋頂溫度下降20―40攝氏度。杭州多年來大規模建設道路、高架橋、高層建筑等,一到夏季就成了城市的“加熱器”,建筑物頂層溫度最高可達70多攝氏度。據氣象資料,杭州近幾年夏季明顯延長,已從常年的130多天增加到150多天,2000年至2009年,國內大城市超過35攝氏度的高溫天數,杭州已躍居第二位,導致“熱島效應”進一步增強。據聯合國環境保護署調查資料,當一個城市其建筑頂部綠化達到70%時,“熱島效應”即可消失,從而達到健康標準。
      三是節約能源的需要。杭州夏季高溫時段用電量的三分之二為空調,屋頂經過綠化,夏季頂層表面溫度比未綠化的屋頂要低20―30攝氏度,室內溫度要低3攝氏度左右。發展屋頂綠化、垂直綠化對建設低碳城市、節約寶貴能源意義重大。屋頂綠化還具有滯留、收集、過濾水的功能,能夠形成和促進城市水資源的良性循環,緩解城市潛在的缺水危機。
      四是凈化環境的需要。立體綠化是改善城市環境的有效手段,杭州建設生活品質之城的重要目標是“建國內一流宜居城市”。城市立體綠化的根本目的,就是為了提高人們生活的幸福指數,降低“熱島效應”,降低噪音,緩解空氣中負氧離子少所產生的“城市病”,讓城市變得更適宜居住。做“花園式”綠化,布置景觀設施,人們還可以在屋頂上休憩,增加鄰里的交流空間。
      二、杭州立體綠化存在的主要問題
      我市立體綠化起步于上世紀八十年代, 1990年長慶街道建成的1500平方米的屋頂花園,被認為是國內規模較大、比較成功的一處屋頂綠化樣板。然而20多年來與后起步的先進城市相比,杭州立體綠化發展不快,主要有以下問題:
      一是政策與法規問題。十多年來,我市出臺了一系列推進屋頂綠化的政策,但由于缺乏法規的強制性制約,實施時顯得蒼白無力。1996年規定“各類建設項目的高層建筑裙房、地下室、車庫以及多層的平屋頂建筑實施屋頂綠化”,2005年要求“所有的新建建筑都必須進行屋頂的綠化美化,屋頂綠化與主體建筑的設計、施工、驗收同時進行”,然而建設中并沒有得到有效落實,政府也沒有相應的制約措施。2009年一年杭州主城區僅綠化屋頂2萬平方米,多年來累計綠化屋頂在屋頂總面積中所占比例極小,與國內屋頂綠化的先進城市相比,如北京、上海的100多萬平方米特別是成都的300多萬平方米差距很大。
      二是產權和業主問題。各層商品房和房改房屬于私人財產,而屋頂產權屬于所有業主。由于市民對立體綠化的生態功能和積極作用缺乏全面的認識,一些業主從多一事不如少一事的習慣出發,對屋頂和墻體綠化不支持,有的甚至損壞正在建設中的屋頂和墻體綠化以阻止施工,使小區的立體綠化難以開展。
      三是建設單位的問題。由于我市立體綠化的推廣力度不夠,制度不夠健全,規范不夠全面,缺乏必要的制約措施,一些有屋頂綠化的建設項目,進度遲緩和半途而廢的情況不少,有的只是擺幾盆花草充數,遠遠達不到設計的要求。
      三、杭州綠化途徑的科學選擇
      近五年來,杭州一直在走低碳、節能、環保的綠色城市之路,共建共享與世界名城相媲美的“生活品質之城”。城市生態環境的高標準對綠化提出了更高的要求,而土地資源的緊缺與綠化規劃土地潛力的挖盡,使通過增加地面綠化的傳統途徑已不可能得到滿足,唯一可行的途徑就是向空間發展。根據杭城的實際情況,適應綠化的空間有:占建成區面積25%左右的建筑物屋頂及比屋頂面積大兩倍的墻面;占城市道路面積30%左右的背街小巷上空,與城市多層住宅面積相當的庭院的硬化路面上空;占城市總面積8%的河道,其靠岸的兩側水面可以種植水生植物進行水面綠化,河岸駁坎立面可以垂直綠化;還有高架橋的立柱、高架橋的底面都可以進行垂直綠化;每個家庭的窗臺、陽臺也可以進行懸掛式花草綠化。
      杭城已有小區屋頂綠化的成功范例,在屋頂綠化的設計、建設和日常養護上已積累了一定經驗;一般屋頂綠化的建設成本為每平方米300—400元,雖比地面綠化每平方米100多元的成本要高,但若算入地面綠化的征地成本,屋頂綠化僅為地面綠化成本的幾十分之一;如果在某些背街小巷上空、庭院硬化地面上空實行棚架綠化,在學校、醫院、機關等公共建筑的墻面進行垂直綠化,利用市政設施如高架橋的橋墩、河道橋梁的兩側、市政道路的護墻護坡等進行垂直綠化,其建設成本比屋頂綠化要低得多。杭州的河道的水質90%以上為劣Ⅴ類,對兩岸進行垂直綠化,在行洪要求不高的河道水面進行水生植物養植既有綠化、美化、彩化的功能,還有凈化水質、消化河道沉積淤泥的作用,其成本比棚架綠化更低。總之,凡有條件的新建建筑應實施屋頂綠化,安全許可的高架立柱、市政干道的邊坡和擋土墻以及河岸駁坎應同步實施綠化覆蓋,提高城市立體空間的綠色濃度,降低城市熱島效應。


    頁面功能:【我來說兩句】【推薦】【字體: 】【打印】【收藏】【關閉

    關于我們 | 友情鏈接 | 人才招聘 | 服務內容 | 合作方式 | 會員注冊 | 聯系我們
    Copyright 2008-2011 citure Corporation, 版權所有 中國城市文化網 京ICP備10054343號
    投稿信箱:service@citure.netyingran0729@sohu.com
    地址:北京市朝陽區金臺西路2號   電話:010-65017047


    湖北快3平台湖北快3主页湖北快3网站湖北快3官网湖北快3娱乐 bkb3667.com | www.87680w.com | www.9737ee.com | www.sxyl7.com | js58123.com | aobo77777.com | www.7435k.com | www.18131.com | www.234269.com | 2757a.com | www.745968.com | www.60108k.com | 068789.com | www.61789j.com | www.5551883.com | 2355d.com | 666-5.com | www.63606.com | nnn5144.com | www.32126f.net | www.6678698.com | 18438h.com | www.373500.com | www.81866l.com | www.50052vip.com | 88535f.com | www.xinyc2.com | www.hg7725.com | 76886c.com | www.m3410.com | pj00hh.com | www.55717v.com | 7779j.cc | www.ct8844.com | www.333133w.com | www.29277o.com | www.js664.com | zhcpaa.com | www.b35oo.com | hjcp114.com | www.bet73k.com | 0080r.com | www.501433.com | www.09766.com | h5429.com | www.js89z.vip | 9901885.com | www.1368t.cc | www.765543.com | 37111c.com | www.47506l.com | 6688214app.com | www.axc4.com | www.234345.com | 2685.com | www.9478i.com | www.606933.com | 01885.com | www.48330q.com | www.6033l.com | 3225s.com | www.00773t.com | 8988ee.com | www.26163u.com | www.hj3888.com | tt444000.com | www.zcwf3.com | www.3157666.com | 4880x.com | www.ct6679.com | www.799666t.com | 5504p.com | www.0028229.com | www.cr589.com | 11889193.com | www.js18682.com | www.js87000.com | 866666a.com | www.68682l.com | 1327z.com | ra333333.com | www.07163t.com | www.w1525.com | x2.cc | www.9928d.com | www.445466.com | www.709wb.com | www.710868.com | jib666666.com | 16690055.com | www.11888js.com | 3122s2.com | hb7377.com | www.0270k.com | www.666478.com | 4647044.com | 87578003.xyz | www.78700m.com | www.hg3422.com | pu38839.com | www.375791.com | www.32031r.com | www.vns343.com | 2007202.com | www.68666m.com | www.876433.com | www.cao880.com | 7196s.com | www.81520o.com | www.3983151.com | 1077kk.com | mm90856.com | www.8499z.com | www.986msc.com | xpj588.com | 2595m.com | www.22yfa.com | www.489239.com | www.tbb005.com | 88ee940.com | www.tcp969.com | www.q2894.com | www.cs11666.com | 2400xl.com | www.66652a.com | www.66026.cc | www.403678.com | www.88850z.com | 2844j.com | 1654dd.com | www.855765.com | www.bwin920.co | www.40033.1540033.com | uu67890.com | www.339125.com | www.0601s.com | www.389249.com | 8827mmm.com | app22299.com | www.0586777.com | www.9646j.com | www.306408.com | 27878ii.com | 66681j.com | 97799h.com | www.302029.com | www.6889795.com | www.844218.com | www.299888.com | 71314.com | haoxialai.com | www.550973.com | www.325860.com | www.boh.cc | www.546991.com | 56787cc.com | bet36500.com | 38989i.com | www.682542.com | www.yz7701.com | www.20199uu.com | www.xpj5555.cc | f423.com | 80892pp.com | 6594ff.com | www.2373c.com | www.55676y.com | www.113470.com | www.21365ee.com | 7945qq.com | 713jc.com | 8159mm.cc | www.50026u.com | www.793500.com | www.713929.com | www.hyi664.com | www.1818xpj.com | www.xh118.com | 25288j.com | lll1915.com | 4379.com | www.77801u.com | www.c6883.com | www.3522 | www.380870.com | www.hg8993.com | www.lianhua1.com | www.4111.cc | 90856m.com | df8ll.com | 3066ggg.com | 58802h.com | 3844jj.com | hg57977.com | www.555958.com | www.ck3578.com | www.23hf.com | www.3478y.cc | www.yh07.com | www.115966.com | www.392518.com | www.ba309.com | www.pj3608.com | www.874858.com | www.34311.com | www.066983.com | www.wd00004.com | www.vns111.xyz | 55mm8332.com | 68228d.com | b6267.com | 3846zzz.com | 67890v.com | 0778.com | 435796.com | qqq01234.com | 30688x.com | 9659j.com | 2324zzz.com | 57157j.com | 38244e.com | 11018o.com | x111888.com | 80850s.com | 00222007.com | 4647p.com | 112c.net | 8722eeee.com | 111122yy.com | 866666z.com | www.7168803.com | www.33366638.com | www.00829c.com | www.311sunbet.com | www.546993.com | www.4107f.com | www.vns8895.com | www.hgw0088.me | 1466j.com | www.chun1983.com | www.ylg3999.com | www.yh5555.cc | www.789.lfjdg.top | www.9591718.com | www.537bet.com | www.1018111.com | www.701707.com | www.188588.com | www.hg039.com | www.382626.com | www.ggs.99233s.com | www.751cp33.com | www.22vn777.cc | www.40339.com | www.20365vip.com | www.00840t.com | www.925887.com | www.927260.com | www.173880.com | 2190s.com | 38738711.com | i08199.com | 9895.com | www.114915.com | www.xn229.com | www.4694q.com | www.80969z.com | www.6133.com | www.ya2019s.com | www.gen08.com | www.444079.com | 5004qqq.com | gc003.cc | 365vip700.cc | www.yinhe9507c.com | www.w9630.com | www.20452.net | www.huangma30.com | www.ampj3433.com | www.927986.com | 3822f.com | 11dd8332.com | nn3336.com | 83086k.com | www.j22365.com | www.caibb.com | www.vip9581.com | www.3978j.com | www.762933.com | 500000746.com | wns789.net | s7742.com | www.86611t.com | www.rr8800.com | www.7334a.com | www.16065o.com | www.811927.com | yh7003.bet | 3807hh.com | www.js222js.com | www.444510.com | www.4196t.com | www.60108s.com | www.407870.com | 78112211.com | 53059.com | www.223456f.com | www.85857.com | www.fg9905.com | www.706515.com | 33678dd.com | ppjj01.com | www.36536509.com | www.9737qq.me | www.77802z.com | www.018581.com | 6423o.com | 1788hg.com | www.c30226.com | www.340dh.com | www.3552p.com | 44ss8331.com | 11665145.com | www.9544j.com | www.2945m.com | www.1764z.com | www.613591.com | 97799k.com | 2142233.com | www.hg66997.cc | www.7783066.com | www.3126h.com | 025647.com | 2105.com | www.2737006.com | www.78680b.com | www.739750.com | 1654t.com | hjdc567.com | www.967808.com | www.8d878.com | 8722bbbb.com | 20073365.com | www.49484.com | www.380870.com | www.529799.com | 1347.com | www.pj35555.com | www.38345u.com | www.71233d.com | 6647k.com | 7003uu.com | www.emc7677.com | www.l63568.com | www.217502.com | yy1915.com | www.as0008.com | www.369403.com | www.607323.com | 8522yyyy.com | www.am5544.com | www.x999678.com | www.60108o.com | yl6896.com | www.49788.com | www.81678c.com | 3568qq.com | 1144011.com | www.9737hh.me | www.810527.com | 444000uu.com | www.3335156.com | www.37377x.com | 2373w.com | 3379m.com | www.55545o.com | www.899342.com | r08199.com | www.3506s.com | www.yh76vv.com | 22207a.com | www.bg999222.com | www.amjs3456.com | www.36787i.com | 0068.cc | www.4963nn.com | www.690104.com | o67890.com | www.xpj171.com | www.88266q.com | LXYL365.com | fff3304.com | www.40288n.com | 690824.com | 2418009.com | www.06387755.com | 7141kk.com | 78113366.com | www.55676t.com | 99885002.com | www.85770r.com | www.fg9905.com | 4022o.com | www.hgw0088.me | www.d17848.com | 3346.com | www.274166.com | www.yi628.com | 8344999.com | www.5966iii.com | www.652392.com | 3559hhhh.com | www.938l.cc | www.369062.com | 6830g.com | www.1700777.com | 30007x.com | 850834.com | www.hg77720.com | 3522pp.com | www.tbb003.com | www.cly3.com | 2757l.com | www.cn365x.com | www.36166a.com | www.dfs779.com | www.7777bj.com | 84494466.com | www.006071.com | www.343xpj.com | www.81520m.com | 01234n.com | www.zte111.com | www.140599.com | www.86611l.com | www.3zq03.com | 1813dd.com | www.g9478.com | www.033916.com | www.bmw0005.com | www.77802c.com | f666.org | www.pj88l.com | pt777.com | 1213ttt.com | www.7406.AG | 16690077.cc | www.2945d.com | www.301990.com | www.033033z.com | www.99638p.com | hhh40033.com | www.b35ss.com | 61789u.com | www.9f33.com | www.33112v.com | www.19888bet.com | www.924177.com | 131e.net | www.68365c.com | hg999666.org | www.5309678.com | 6396.com | www.172255.com | 55155b.com | www.25288r.com | www.689244.com | www.6033y.com | www.3552g.com | 4595599.com | www.w63568.com | 0805p.com | www.1559508.com | 7894y.com | www.797009.com | 0241h.com | www.00msc.com | www.50064a.com | www.26yh76.com | www.504533.com | www.3653306.com | www.758022.com | www.9599677.net | www.hx6666.com | 1479u.com | www.fcyl1.com | 3535394.com | www.60108c.com | 500000751.com | www.50064l.com | tzvip2026.com | www.ya2019f.com | amjs8033111.com | www.7714i.com | pjfujian.com | www.50026n.com | jinguan0055.com | www.3333y.cc | www.a3a000.cc | www.819759.com | www.hg5878.com | www.357165.com | www.hg6888.com | 98955y.com | www.1429h9.com | dejinbet.com | www.4078p.com | 7720g.net | www.52062l.com | 80368ii.com | www.80065g.com | 2851y.com | www.cb2588.com | www.77788806.com | www.83033v.com | www.45966.net | xpj25.com | www.cn365j.com | 477076.com | www.50819.com | zhcp53.com | www.9155d.cc | www.10051005.com | www.155301.com | www.5487.com | 2015288.com | www.2997778.com | vip7033.com | www.60123g.com | z92266.com | www.8816u.com | www.9374s.com | www.003963.com | www.162277.com | yy4255.com | www.7681006.com | 2373j.com | www.680955.com | www.vip8xpj.com | 1589.com | www.07679p.com | 998b.cc | www.hw0123.com | www.0009193.com | 01234ii.com | www.xj6008.com | y2537.com | www.am5432.com | www.068123.com | 56987nn.com | www.7920j.com | 9995b.cc | www.235399.com | www.77731s.com | m1915m.com | www.3552d.com | www.1zbvip.com | 0270098.com | www.540066.com | c388s.com | www.50052e.com | www.4963h.com | i85686.com | www.811672.com | www.60339.com | 18040.com | www.26299b.com | 54443k.com | 22mm8332.com | www.06386699.com | 3648991.com | www.107501.com | www.19019z.com | 45637p.com | www.592411.com | www.qmc0099.com | so777.cc | www.632590.com | www.tyc188.com | 9679c.com | www.669773.com | www.94099.com | 80850hh.com | www.606920.com | www.58665q.com | 444b9.com | www.957588.com | bwin8x.com | www.a2894.com | 69.am | 55335002.com | www.732158.com | www.bwin7788.com | 1213.com | www.9478d.com | www.345188.com | www.4833042.com | www.alpk55.com | 1665y.com | www.80779.com | www.755789.com | pj88dd.com | www.456639.com | www.sha2244.com | 32126x.net | x48x.com | www.500558.com | www.4972pp.com | 4066n.com | www.979683.com | www.8146111.com | 33882007.com | www.51515p.com | www.78680v.com | www.55225454.com | 6175yy.com | www.907844.com | www.19019z.com | 5295l.com | jr7777.com | www.3890i.com | www.i7793.com | iii8827.com | 66300vip14.com | www.86267m.com | www.767a.cc | 33382e.com | 62033.com | www.77210d.com | www.20553311.com | 3156rrr.com | 4809w.com | www.04500w.com | www.65886z.com | 2247v.com | 56988h.vip | www.1035p.com | www.68806.com | www.laok111.com | 51133ww.com | www.699925.com | www.v2894.com | www.sb279.com | 01234rrr.com | uedhot8899.com | www.83993m.com | www.41hd.com | 4774j.com | 08702004.com | www.560702.com | www.78680e.com | www.b55551.com | x33u.vip | i3144.com | www.fh52.com | www.f83377.com | www.2846k.com | bh889933.com | www.50054i.com | www.96386b.com | www.370257.com | www.hgc333.com | 444000aa.com | 80850f.com | www.8839m.com | www.vns6603.com | www.p30226.com | 234903.com | 4123001.com | www.832795.com | www.1434i.com | www.js403.com | www.1869a.com | 6677bet.vip | 3189mm.com | www.hcjt0.com | www.r999998.com | www.991866.com | 66991468.com | 3424s.com | www.109317.com | www.50024b.com | www.bwinyz11.com | www.1443b.com | 44077l.com | 2021f.com | 2478.com | www.792088.com | www.hb598.com | www.343478.com | www.7669a.net | 71234444.com | y888.com | 86811e.com | www.cf9901.com | www.81608t.com | www.848434.com | www.00618n.com | kk3354.com | rycp050.com | 3559uuu.com | www.413552.com | www.36788g.com | www.m.195668.com | www.mng55.com | www.888167.com | 777818dh.com | 87363a.com | 7334k.com | www.456685.com | www.8816g.com | www.e63568.com | www.4963zz.com | www.ms9998.com | www.6491s.com | 0332x.com | 566777o.com | aa6.com | 535app.cc | www.652592.com | www.29277k.com | www.4809k.com | www.bet91485.com | www.tm300.com | www.55268nn.com | 1115675.com | 61321155.com | pj223322.com | 7172244.com | www.090040.com | www.938625.com | www.52303s.com | www.888.com | www.6880ii.com | www.88100.com | www.jg6655.com | www.v3301.com | 7196bb.com | 28288rr.com | 35222k.com | wvs8.com | 1775ww.com | 37570v.com | 22hh8332.com | www.180121.com | www.75wcp.com | www.61655x.com | www.bwinyz26.com | www.h456x.com | www.3844zz.com | www.rycp13.com | www.84499v.com | www.453552.com | www.828165.com | www.29czj.com | www.26878w.com | www.4323p.com | www.567111.net | www.9187k.com | www.73990p.com | www.4996hl.com | www.66hg6.com | www.5555zh.cm | www.sjc02.com | www.848883.com | www.137185.com | www.xb0029.com | www.2287111.com | www.l22365.com | www.yh8220.com | www.vns995.cc | www.wn2018.com | 1407h.com | 78110055.com | 54777.com | fuhao123.com | www.86611y.com | www.1869k.com | 32355hh.com | 9778h.cc | lehu808.com | 033i.net | www.wn8090.com | www.wn2018.com | www.38200v.com | www.ts11888.com | www.223456t.com | www.wnsr828.com | www.bet33365.net | www.yh6979.com | www.8814e9.com | www.v8867.com | www.hg0360.com | www.240av.com | www.944449.com | www.js743.com | www.91gwc.com | www.36008.com | www.4963jj.com | www.5220666.com | www.513950.com | www.ba506.com | www.99094v.com | www.55676o.com | www.954321r.com | www.80767s.com | www.5095t.com | www.858899a.com | www.609715.com | www.230320.com | 22556h.com | mm3189.com | 88850kk.com | 029.com | 51335.co | 35252r.com | 1434y.com | www.8694q.com | www.11155508.com | www.rb4440.com | www.65066bb.com | www.w2894.com | www.947004.com | www.26163z.com | www.937986.com | www.290038.com | ee3189.com | 1636004.com | 37688z.com | 55442007.com | 5003tt.com | www.995n.net | www.78z5.com | www.5446cc.com | www.52062x.com | www.77996d.com | www.989569.com | www.xinyc1.com | s4255.com | 727720.com | jing822.com | 4195vv.com | www.36677b.com | www.2222092.com | www.6880ii.com | www.947004.com | www.99fc.cc | www.346177.com | 6363e.com | 8448002.com | 2255buyu.com | www.7720m.com | www.hg2312.com | www.hyi158.com | www.37266.co | www.cp2838.com | b957.xyz | 7703gg.com | 463y8.com | vip31447.com | www.7025i.com | www.98msxfpt4.com | www.621468.com | www.26299l.com | www.338017.com | 15a26.net | 146662244.com | 1119193.com | www.07991.com | www.80188x.com | www.81233l.com | www.442428.com | kk4255.com | 4556d.com | www.38200w.com | www.hg032.com | www.087e.com | www.lqc2.com | 101509.com | 2147008.com | 22883p.com | www.xpj8812.com | www.47506c.com | www.32123g.com | www.055979.com | bwinvvv.com | 3379uu.com | www.1294xi.com | www.678js777.com | www.7793b.com | 1665k.com | ag0101g.com | 6033d.com | www.578811.com | www.1116yl.com | www.920959.com | 131xxx.net | 55992007.com | www.98717s.com | www.bet63o.com | www.8667k.com | 99044.com | 3352.com | www.08088006.com | www.9737xx.me | www.89798.com | 61320077.com | n8159.cc | www.55268xx.com | www.g69096.com | www.8199.cc | 71366k.com | 8538x.com | www.hg1966.com | www.55070b.com | www.2350n.com | 83086u.com | 6766kk.com | www.11119dz.com | www.z94600.com | www.602952.com | 80878o.com | www.8807js.com | www.940999.com | www.9928i.com | 2381yyy.com | 500000515.com | www.ty1133.net | www.0194001.com | 691 | 54241188.com | www.5555by.com | www.2111a.com | www.055979.com | 51133oo.com | www.7111g.com | www.52062j.com | www.318075.com | 3788nn.com | www.444xhtd.com | www.0033sun.com | www.281110.com | m4255.com | www.pj6767.com | www.42456688.com | www.52303o.com | p5429.com | www.hg9958.com | www.7239z.com | 8790m.com | 3379a.com | www.27363n.com | www.5551388.net | www.291693.com | www.534077.com | xpj8182.cc | www.83008d.com | www.ya2019q.com | 55970.net | 8901g.com | www.16181c.com | www.700231.com | 01234c.com | www.3709884.com | www.tyc44222.com | 7742ss.com | blg008.com | www.102665.com | www.327556.com | 2757c.com | www.xj666g.com | www.gai50.com | 59599f.com | www.066005.com | www.879528.com | 9002s.com | www.ag9611.com | www.519095.com | 6861.com | pjanhui.com | www.35252d.com | www.308069.com | 68228r.com | www.gcw686.com | www.647311.com | 66681k.com | www.3893k.com | www.946854.com | 8538q.com | www.588277.com | www.hcjt2.com | 2324ooo.com | www.37766.cc | www.29czj.com | 1294y.cc | www.zs5555.com | www.hf5885.com | so44444.cc | www.soxi588.com | www.56520r.com | www.bet73u.com | 8000524.com | www.xpj4464.com | www.00665d.com | 33599vv.com | www.7777hx.com | www.hr4888.com | 4255jj.com | www.91500999.com | www.372879.com | 4023o.com | www.33678yy.com | 7605y.com | www.626966.com | www.868553.com | 57157i.com | www.493hd.com | www.980797.com | 22uu8332.com | www.16181t.com | www.79520a.com | 2618zz.com | www.68993266.com | 1679bb.com | www.734069.com | www.932779.com | 2096h.com | www.1754m.com | qjdy032.com | www.9996jj.com | www.5854x.cc | vns00aa.com | www.4446ccc.com | 53166i.com | www.xpj3358.com | www.26163z.com | spj01.com | www.99113x.com | 91019.net | www.373720.com | www.99340.cc | d67890.com | www.bwinyz11.com | 9411aaa.com | www.330099y.com | www.07hc.com | hg00566.com | www.69567q.com | 4694f.com | pj88oo.com | www.hgw8638.com | www.726032.com | 2060055.com | www.2418t.com | 89777a.com | www.hg8993.com | bwin980.co | www.183543.com | www.687198.com | 58339.com | www.77802j.com | 78808t.com | www.x2894.com | 20773322.com | www.87665w.com | 2443c.com | www.am33333.com | www.876312.com | 6868nn.cc | www.83033y.com | 4488d.com | www.38775bb.com | ff3189.com | www.1168e.com | 2934e.com | www.tm012.com | www.29277i.com | www.7111i.com | www.526121.com | www.4763118.com | bkb3667.com | www.87680w.com | www.9737ee.com | www.sxyl7.com | js58123.com | aobo77777.com | www.7435k.com | www.18131.com | www.234269.com | 2757a.com | www.745968.com | www.60108k.com | 068789.com | www.61789j.com | www.5551883.com | 2355d.com | 666-5.com | www.63606.com | nnn5144.com | www.32126f.net | www.6678698.com | 18438h.com | www.373500.com | www.81866l.com | www.50052vip.com | 88535f.com | www.xinyc2.com | www.hg7725.com | 76886c.com | www.m3410.com | pj00hh.com | www.55717v.com | 7779j.cc | www.ct8844.com | www.333133w.com | www.29277o.com | www.js664.com | zhcpaa.com | www.b35oo.com | hjcp114.com | www.bet73k.com | 0080r.com | www.501433.com | www.09766.com | h5429.com | www.js89z.vip | 9901885.com | www.1368t.cc | www.765543.com | 37111c.com | www.47506l.com | 6688214app.com | www.axc4.com | www.234345.com | 2685.com | www.9478i.com | www.606933.com | 01885.com | www.48330q.com | www.6033l.com | 3225s.com | www.00773t.com | 8988ee.com | www.26163u.com | www.hj3888.com | tt444000.com | www.zcwf3.com | www.3157666.com | 4880x.com | www.ct6679.com | www.799666t.com | 5504p.com | www.0028229.com | www.cr589.com | 11889193.com | www.js18682.com | www.js87000.com | 866666a.com | www.68682l.com | 1327z.com | ra333333.com | www.07163t.com | www.w1525.com | x2.cc | www.9928d.com | www.445466.com | www.709wb.com | www.710868.com | jib666666.com | 16690055.com | www.11888js.com | 3122s2.com | hb7377.com | www.0270k.com | www.666478.com | 4647044.com | 87578003.xyz | www.78700m.com | www.hg3422.com | pu38839.com | www.375791.com | www.32031r.com | www.vns343.com | 2007202.com | www.68666m.com | www.876433.com | www.cao880.com | 7196s.com | www.81520o.com | www.3983151.com | 1077kk.com | mm90856.com | www.8499z.com | www.986msc.com | xpj588.com | 2595m.com | www.22yfa.com | www.489239.com | www.tbb005.com | 88ee940.com | www.tcp969.com | www.q2894.com | www.cs11666.com | 2400xl.com | www.66652a.com | www.66026.cc | www.403678.com | www.88850z.com | 2844j.com | 1654dd.com | www.855765.com | www.bwin920.co | www.40033.1540033.com | uu67890.com | www.339125.com | www.0601s.com | www.389249.com | 8827mmm.com | app22299.com | www.0586777.com | www.9646j.com | www.306408.com | 27878ii.com | 66681j.com | 97799h.com | www.302029.com | www.6889795.com | www.844218.com | www.299888.com | 71314.com | haoxialai.com | www.550973.com | www.325860.com | www.boh.cc | www.546991.com | 56787cc.com | bet36500.com | 38989i.com | www.682542.com | www.yz7701.com | www.20199uu.com | www.xpj5555.cc | f423.com | 80892pp.com | 6594ff.com | www.2373c.com | www.55676y.com | www.113470.com | www.21365ee.com | 7945qq.com | 713jc.com | 8159mm.cc | www.50026u.com | www.793500.com | www.713929.com | www.hyi664.com | www.1818xpj.com | www.xh118.com | 25288j.com | lll1915.com | 4379.com | www.77801u.com | www.c6883.com | www.3522 | www.380870.com | www.hg8993.com | www.lianhua1.com | www.4111.cc | 90856m.com | df8ll.com | 3066ggg.com | 58802h.com | 3844jj.com | hg57977.com | www.555958.com | www.ck3578.com | www.23hf.com | www.3478y.cc | www.yh07.com | www.115966.com | www.392518.com | www.ba309.com | www.pj3608.com | www.874858.com | www.34311.com | www.066983.com | www.wd00004.com | www.vns111.xyz | 55mm8332.com | 68228d.com | b6267.com | 3846zzz.com | 67890v.com | 0778.com | 435796.com | qqq01234.com | 30688x.com | 9659j.com | 2324zzz.com | 57157j.com | 38244e.com | 11018o.com | x111888.com | 80850s.com | 00222007.com | 4647p.com | 112c.net | 8722eeee.com | 111122yy.com | 866666z.com | www.7168803.com | www.33366638.com | www.00829c.com | www.311sunbet.com | www.546993.com | www.4107f.com | www.vns8895.com | www.hgw0088.me | 1466j.com | www.chun1983.com | www.ylg3999.com | www.yh5555.cc | www.789.lfjdg.top | www.9591718.com | www.537bet.com | www.1018111.com | www.701707.com | www.188588.com | www.hg039.com | www.382626.com | www.ggs.99233s.com | www.751cp33.com | www.22vn777.cc | www.40339.com | www.20365vip.com | www.00840t.com | www.925887.com | www.927260.com | www.173880.com | 2190s.com | 38738711.com | i08199.com | 9895.com | www.114915.com | www.xn229.com | www.4694q.com | www.80969z.com | www.6133.com | www.ya2019s.com | www.gen08.com | www.444079.com | 5004qqq.com | gc003.cc | 365vip700.cc | www.yinhe9507c.com | www.w9630.com | www.20452.net | www.huangma30.com | www.ampj3433.com | www.927986.com | 3822f.com | 11dd8332.com | nn3336.com | 83086k.com | www.j22365.com | www.caibb.com | www.vip9581.com | www.3978j.com | www.762933.com | 500000746.com | wns789.net | s7742.com | www.86611t.com | www.rr8800.com | www.7334a.com | www.16065o.com | www.811927.com | yh7003.bet | 3807hh.com | www.js222js.com | www.444510.com | www.4196t.com | www.60108s.com | www.407870.com | 78112211.com | 53059.com | www.223456f.com | www.85857.com | www.fg9905.com | www.706515.com | 33678dd.com | ppjj01.com | www.36536509.com | www.9737qq.me | www.77802z.com | www.018581.com | 6423o.com | 1788hg.com | www.c30226.com | www.340dh.com | www.3552p.com | 44ss8331.com | 11665145.com | www.9544j.com | www.2945m.com | www.1764z.com | www.613591.com | 97799k.com | 2142233.com | www.hg66997.cc | www.7783066.com | www.3126h.com | 025647.com | 2105.com | www.2737006.com | www.78680b.com | www.739750.com | 1654t.com | hjdc567.com | www.967808.com | www.8d878.com | 8722bbbb.com | 20073365.com | www.49484.com | www.380870.com | www.529799.com | 1347.com | www.pj35555.com | www.38345u.com | www.71233d.com | 6647k.com | 7003uu.com | www.emc7677.com | www.l63568.com | www.217502.com | yy1915.com | www.as0008.com | www.369403.com | www.607323.com | 8522yyyy.com | www.am5544.com | www.x999678.com | www.60108o.com | yl6896.com | www.49788.com | www.81678c.com | 3568qq.com | 1144011.com | www.9737hh.me | www.810527.com | 444000uu.com | www.3335156.com | www.37377x.com | 2373w.com | 3379m.com | www.55545o.com | www.899342.com | r08199.com | www.3506s.com | www.yh76vv.com | 22207a.com | www.bg999222.com | www.amjs3456.com | www.36787i.com | 0068.cc | www.4963nn.com | www.690104.com | o67890.com | www.xpj171.com | www.88266q.com | LXYL365.com | fff3304.com | www.40288n.com | 690824.com | 2418009.com | www.06387755.com | 7141kk.com | 78113366.com | www.55676t.com | 99885002.com | www.85770r.com | www.fg9905.com | 4022o.com | www.hgw0088.me | www.d17848.com | 3346.com | www.274166.com | www.yi628.com | 8344999.com | www.5966iii.com | www.652392.com | 3559hhhh.com | www.938l.cc | www.369062.com | 6830g.com | www.1700777.com | 30007x.com | 850834.com | www.hg77720.com | 3522pp.com | www.tbb003.com | www.cly3.com | 2757l.com | www.cn365x.com | www.36166a.com | www.dfs779.com | www.7777bj.com | 84494466.com | www.006071.com | www.343xpj.com | www.81520m.com | 01234n.com | www.zte111.com | www.140599.com | www.86611l.com | www.3zq03.com | 1813dd.com | www.g9478.com | www.033916.com | www.bmw0005.com | www.77802c.com | f666.org | www.pj88l.com | pt777.com | 1213ttt.com | www.7406.AG | 16690077.cc | www.2945d.com | www.301990.com | www.033033z.com | www.99638p.com | hhh40033.com | www.b35ss.com | 61789u.com | www.9f33.com | www.33112v.com | www.19888bet.com | www.924177.com | 131e.net | www.68365c.com | hg999666.org | www.5309678.com | 6396.com | www.172255.com | 55155b.com | www.25288r.com | www.689244.com | www.6033y.com | www.3552g.com | 4595599.com | www.w63568.com | 0805p.com | www.1559508.com | 7894y.com | www.797009.com | 0241h.com | www.00msc.com | www.50064a.com | www.26yh76.com | www.504533.com | www.3653306.com | www.758022.com | www.9599677.net | www.hx6666.com | 1479u.com | www.fcyl1.com | 3535394.com | www.60108c.com | 500000751.com | www.50064l.com | tzvip2026.com | www.ya2019f.com | amjs8033111.com | www.7714i.com | pjfujian.com | www.50026n.com | jinguan0055.com | www.3333y.cc | www.a3a000.cc | www.819759.com | www.hg5878.com | www.357165.com | www.hg6888.com | 98955y.com | www.1429h9.com | dejinbet.com | www.4078p.com | 7720g.net | www.52062l.com | 80368ii.com | www.80065g.com | 2851y.com | www.cb2588.com | www.77788806.com | www.83033v.com | www.45966.net | xpj25.com | www.cn365j.com | 477076.com | www.50819.com | zhcp53.com | www.9155d.cc | www.10051005.com | www.155301.com | www.5487.com | 2015288.com | www.2997778.com | vip7033.com | www.60123g.com | z92266.com | www.8816u.com | www.9374s.com | www.003963.com | www.162277.com | yy4255.com | www.7681006.com | 2373j.com | www.680955.com | www.vip8xpj.com | 1589.com | www.07679p.com | 998b.cc | www.hw0123.com | www.0009193.com | 01234ii.com | www.xj6008.com | y2537.com | www.am5432.com | www.068123.com | 56987nn.com | www.7920j.com | 9995b.cc | www.235399.com | www.77731s.com | m1915m.com | www.3552d.com | www.1zbvip.com | 0270098.com | www.540066.com | c388s.com | www.50052e.com | www.4963h.com | i85686.com | www.811672.com | www.60339.com | 18040.com | www.26299b.com | 54443k.com | 22mm8332.com | www.06386699.com | 3648991.com | www.107501.com | www.19019z.com | 45637p.com | www.592411.com | www.qmc0099.com | so777.cc | www.632590.com | www.tyc188.com | 9679c.com | www.669773.com | www.94099.com | 80850hh.com | www.606920.com | www.58665q.com | 444b9.com | www.957588.com | bwin8x.com | www.a2894.com | 69.am | 55335002.com | www.732158.com | www.bwin7788.com | 1213.com | www.9478d.com | www.345188.com | www.4833042.com | www.alpk55.com | 1665y.com | www.80779.com | www.755789.com | pj88dd.com | www.456639.com | www.sha2244.com | 32126x.net | x48x.com | www.500558.com | www.4972pp.com | 4066n.com | www.979683.com | www.8146111.com | 33882007.com | www.51515p.com | www.78680v.com | www.55225454.com | 6175yy.com | www.907844.com | www.19019z.com | 5295l.com | jr7777.com | www.3890i.com | www.i7793.com | iii8827.com | 66300vip14.com | www.86267m.com | www.767a.cc | 33382e.com | 62033.com | www.77210d.com | www.20553311.com | 3156rrr.com | 4809w.com | www.04500w.com | www.65886z.com | 2247v.com | 56988h.vip | www.1035p.com | www.68806.com | www.laok111.com | 51133ww.com | www.699925.com | www.v2894.com | www.sb279.com | 01234rrr.com | uedhot8899.com | www.83993m.com | www.41hd.com | 4774j.com | 08702004.com | www.560702.com | www.78680e.com | www.b55551.com | x33u.vip | i3144.com | www.fh52.com | www.f83377.com | www.2846k.com | bh889933.com | www.50054i.com | www.96386b.com | www.370257.com | www.hgc333.com | 444000aa.com | 80850f.com | www.8839m.com | www.vns6603.com | www.p30226.com | 234903.com | 4123001.com | www.832795.com | www.1434i.com | www.js403.com | www.1869a.com | 6677bet.vip | 3189mm.com | www.hcjt0.com | www.r999998.com | www.991866.com | 66991468.com | 3424s.com | www.109317.com | www.50024b.com | www.bwinyz11.com | www.1443b.com | 44077l.com | 2021f.com | 2478.com | www.792088.com | www.hb598.com | www.343478.com | www.7669a.net | 71234444.com | y888.com | 86811e.com | www.cf9901.com | www.81608t.com | www.848434.com | www.00618n.com | kk3354.com | rycp050.com | 3559uuu.com | www.413552.com | www.36788g.com | www.m.195668.com | www.mng55.com | www.888167.com | 777818dh.com | 87363a.com | 7334k.com | www.456685.com | www.8816g.com | www.e63568.com | www.4963zz.com | www.ms9998.com | www.6491s.com | 0332x.com | 566777o.com | aa6.com | 535app.cc | www.652592.com | www.29277k.com | www.4809k.com | www.bet91485.com | www.tm300.com | www.55268nn.com | 1115675.com | 61321155.com | pj223322.com | 7172244.com | www.090040.com | www.938625.com | www.52303s.com | www.888.com | www.6880ii.com | www.88100.com | www.jg6655.com | www.v3301.com | 7196bb.com | 28288rr.com | 35222k.com | wvs8.com | 1775ww.com | 37570v.com | 22hh8332.com | www.180121.com | www.75wcp.com | www.61655x.com | www.bwinyz26.com | www.h456x.com | www.3844zz.com | www.rycp13.com | www.84499v.com | www.453552.com | www.828165.com | www.29czj.com | www.26878w.com | www.4323p.com | www.567111.net | www.9187k.com | www.73990p.com | www.4996hl.com | www.66hg6.com | www.5555zh.cm | www.sjc02.com | www.848883.com | www.137185.com | www.xb0029.com | www.2287111.com | www.l22365.com | www.yh8220.com | www.vns995.cc | www.wn2018.com | 1407h.com | 78110055.com | 54777.com | fuhao123.com | www.86611y.com | www.1869k.com | 32355hh.com | 9778h.cc | lehu808.com | 033i.net | www.wn8090.com | www.wn2018.com | www.38200v.com | www.ts11888.com | www.223456t.com | www.wnsr828.com | www.bet33365.net | www.yh6979.com | www.8814e9.com | www.v8867.com | www.hg0360.com | www.240av.com | www.944449.com | www.js743.com | www.91gwc.com | www.36008.com | www.4963jj.com | www.5220666.com | www.513950.com | www.ba506.com | www.99094v.com | www.55676o.com | www.954321r.com | www.80767s.com | www.5095t.com | www.858899a.com | www.609715.com | www.230320.com | 22556h.com | mm3189.com | 88850kk.com | 029.com | 51335.co | 35252r.com | 1434y.com | www.8694q.com | www.11155508.com | www.rb4440.com | www.65066bb.com | www.w2894.com | www.947004.com | www.26163z.com | www.937986.com | www.290038.com | ee3189.com | 1636004.com | 37688z.com | 55442007.com | 5003tt.com | www.995n.net | www.78z5.com | www.5446cc.com | www.52062x.com | www.77996d.com | www.989569.com | www.xinyc1.com | s4255.com | 727720.com | jing822.com | 4195vv.com | www.36677b.com | www.2222092.com | www.6880ii.com | www.947004.com | www.99fc.cc | www.346177.com | 6363e.com | 8448002.com | 2255buyu.com | www.7720m.com | www.hg2312.com | www.hyi158.com | www.37266.co | www.cp2838.com | b957.xyz | 7703gg.com | 463y8.com | vip31447.com | www.7025i.com | www.98msxfpt4.com | www.621468.com | www.26299l.com | www.338017.com | 15a26.net | 146662244.com | 1119193.com | www.07991.com | www.80188x.com | www.81233l.com | www.442428.com | kk4255.com | 4556d.com | www.38200w.com | www.hg032.com | www.087e.com | www.lqc2.com | 101509.com | 2147008.com | 22883p.com | www.xpj8812.com | www.47506c.com | www.32123g.com | www.055979.com | bwinvvv.com | 3379uu.com | www.1294xi.com | www.678js777.com | www.7793b.com | 1665k.com | ag0101g.com | 6033d.com | www.578811.com | www.1116yl.com | www.920959.com | 131xxx.net | 55992007.com | www.98717s.com | www.bet63o.com | www.8667k.com | 99044.com | 3352.com | www.08088006.com | www.9737xx.me | www.89798.com | 61320077.com | n8159.cc | www.55268xx.com | www.g69096.com | www.8199.cc | 71366k.com | 8538x.com | www.hg1966.com | www.55070b.com | www.2350n.com | 83086u.com | 6766kk.com | www.11119dz.com | www.z94600.com | www.602952.com | 80878o.com | www.8807js.com | www.940999.com | www.9928i.com | 2381yyy.com | 500000515.com | www.ty1133.net | www.0194001.com | 691 | 54241188.com | www.5555by.com | www.2111a.com | www.055979.com | 51133oo.com | www.7111g.com | www.52062j.com | www.318075.com | 3788nn.com | www.444xhtd.com | www.0033sun.com | www.281110.com | m4255.com | www.pj6767.com | www.42456688.com | www.52303o.com | p5429.com | www.hg9958.com | www.7239z.com | 8790m.com | 3379a.com | www.27363n.com | www.5551388.net | www.291693.com | www.534077.com | xpj8182.cc | www.83008d.com | www.ya2019q.com | 55970.net | 8901g.com | www.16181c.com | www.700231.com | 01234c.com | www.3709884.com | www.tyc44222.com | 7742ss.com | blg008.com | www.102665.com | www.327556.com | 2757c.com | www.xj666g.com | www.gai50.com | 59599f.com | www.066005.com | www.879528.com | 9002s.com | www.ag9611.com | www.519095.com | 6861.com | pjanhui.com | www.35252d.com | www.308069.com | 68228r.com | www.gcw686.com | www.647311.com | 66681k.com | www.3893k.com | www.946854.com | 8538q.com | www.588277.com | www.hcjt2.com | 2324ooo.com | www.37766.cc | www.29czj.com | 1294y.cc | www.zs5555.com | www.hf5885.com | so44444.cc | www.soxi588.com | www.56520r.com | www.bet73u.com | 8000524.com | www.xpj4464.com | www.00665d.com | 33599vv.com | www.7777hx.com | www.hr4888.com | 4255jj.com | www.91500999.com | www.372879.com | 4023o.com | www.33678yy.com | 7605y.com | www.626966.com | www.868553.com | 57157i.com | www.493hd.com | www.980797.com | 22uu8332.com | www.16181t.com | www.79520a.com | 2618zz.com | www.68993266.com | 1679bb.com | www.734069.com | www.932779.com | 2096h.com | www.1754m.com | qjdy032.com | www.9996jj.com | www.5854x.cc | vns00aa.com | www.4446ccc.com | 53166i.com | www.xpj3358.com | www.26163z.com | spj01.com | www.99113x.com | 91019.net | www.373720.com | www.99340.cc | d67890.com | www.bwinyz11.com | 9411aaa.com | www.330099y.com | www.07hc.com | hg00566.com | www.69567q.com | 4694f.com | pj88oo.com | www.hgw8638.com | www.726032.com | 2060055.com | www.2418t.com | 89777a.com | www.hg8993.com | bwin980.co | www.183543.com | www.687198.com | 58339.com | www.77802j.com | 78808t.com | www.x2894.com | 20773322.com | www.87665w.com | 2443c.com | www.am33333.com | www.876312.com | 6868nn.cc | www.83033y.com | 4488d.com | www.38775bb.com | ff3189.com | www.1168e.com | 2934e.com | www.tm012.com | www.29277i.com | www.7111i.com | www.526121.com | www.4763118.com |